Wisdom and learning team

 In this multidisciplinary team -which is first of its kind in Finland- adult wisdom is studied in its various manifestations. Scholars are from different scientific disciplines: university pedagogy, education, developmental psychology, philosophy,  history of education and information technology. There are also adult educators in the group. The core of the research and development is wisdom: how it is studied, how it is enhanced, taught and learned and which kind of educational phenomenon we refer as it is question of wise action, teaching and learning. 

Development of wisdom and learning is seen as life-long, complex phenomenon. The  approach is strongly philosophical-humanistic and history-based, but takes into account also empirical  studies.  

See below for the most relevant publications. So far, research has focused on 

  • cognitive component of wisdom (aka postformal thinking),
  • history of education (philosopher J. Comenius and his idea of life as a school for wisdom) 
  • practical wisdom (phronesis)
  • higher education wisdom pedagogy
  • dialogue and wisdom (Socratic and Bohmian dialogues)
  • personal wisdom experiences of university students
  • wisdom and learning in university studies
  • development of wisdom in childhood

Team members

PhD students 

Graduate students 

  • Juho-Pekka Maunula
  • Elina Paananen
  • Nelli Sirkemaa

International collaboration 

Selected publications 

2000 –

 

Geeraerts, K., Tynjälä, P., & Heikkinen, H. L. T. (2018). Inter-generational learning of teachers: what and how do teachers learn from older and younger colleagues? European Journal of Teacher Education, 41(4), 479–495.

Hämäläinen M. (2018). Suspending judgement – ethical English dialogue skills for working life. Kieli, koulutus ja yhteiskunta, 9(3). Retrieved from https://www.kieliverkosto.fi/fi/journals/kieli-koulutus-ja-yhteiskunta-toukokuu-2018/suspending-judgement-ethical-english-dialogue-skills-for-working-life

Hämäläinen, M., & Kallio, E. (2019). Learning dialogue in higher education english course. In P. Penwell (Ed.), The world needs dialogue! One: Gathering the field [P. Garrett, Foreword]. Glasgow, England: Dialogue.

Heikkinen, H. L. T. (2018). Education, work and life. In C. Edwards-Groves, P. Grootenboer, & J. Wilkinson (Eds.), Education in an era of schooling: Critical perspectives of educational practice and action research: A festschrift for Stephen Kemmis (pp. 79–90). Singapore, the Republic of Singapore: Springer. 

Heikkinen, H. & Kukkonen, H. 2019. Ammattikorkeakoulu toisin ajateltuna. Osaaminen, sivistys ja tiedon intressit. Aikuiskasvatus 39 (4), 264-275. 

Heikkinen, H. L. T., & Huttunen, R. (2017). “Mitä järkeä?” Kasvatuksen tietoperusta ja rationaalisuus [“What’s the sense?” The knowledge base and rationality of education]. In A. Toom, M. Rautiainen, & J. Tähtinen (Eds.), Toiveet ja todellisuus: Kasvatus osallisuutta ja oppimista rakentamassa (pp. 31–58). Turku, Finland: Suomen kasvatustieteellinen seura.

Heikkinen, H. L. T., Huttunen, R., & Pesonen, J. (2012). Liikuntakasvatuksen eetos [The ethos of physical education]. Liikunta & Tiede, 49(6), 18–22.

Heikkinen, H. L. T., Kiilakoski, T., Huttunen, R., Kaukko, M., & Kemmis, S. (2018). Koulutustutkimuksen arkkitehtuurit [Architectures of educational research]. Kasvatus, 49(5), 368–383.

Kallio, E. (2001). Reflections on the modern mass university and the question of the autonomy of thinking. In J. Välimaa (Ed.), Finnish higher education in transition: Perspectives on massification and globalisation (pp. 73–90). Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä, Institute for Educational Research.

Kallio, E. (2011). Integrative thinking is the key: An evaluation of current research into the development of adult thinking. Theory & Psychology, 21(6), 785–801.

Kallio, E. (2014). Kuinka moneus muuttuu ykseydeksi: integroinnin teema aikuisen ajattelussa [How plurality turns into unity: The theme of integration in psychological models for adult development]. In A. Heikkinen & E. Kallio (Eds.), Aikuisten kasvu ja aktivointi (pp. 19–31). Tampere, Finland: Tampere University Press.

Kallio, E. (2015). From causal thinking to wisdom and spirituality: Some perspectives on a growing research field in adult (cognitive) development. Approaching Religion, 5(2), 27–41. doi:10.30664/ar67572

Kallio, E. (2016). Aikuisuuden ajattelun kehityksen laaja kenttä: Perusteita ja avoimia kysymyksiä [The broad field of adult cognitive development: Premises and open questions]. In E. Kallio (Ed.), Ajattelun kehitys aikuisuudessa: Kohti moninäkökulmaisuutta (pp. 15–55). Helsinki, Finland: The Finnish Educational Research Association.

Kallio, E. (Ed.). (2016). Ajattelun kehitys aikuisuudessa: Kohti moninäkökulmaisuutta [The development of thinking in adulthood: Towards multiperspective thinking]. Helsinki, Finland: The Finnish Educational Research Association.

Kallio, E. (2018). Ahneus ja viisaus [Greed and wisdom]. Tietoasiantuntija, 4, 13

Kallio, E. (2018). Sisäisen työskentelyn armollisuus [The mercifulness of mental self-development]. Tietoasiantuntija, 5, 35.

Kallio, E. K. (2020) From Multiperspective to Contextual Integrative Thinking in Adulthood
Considerations on Theorisation of Adult Thinking and Its Place as a Component of Wisdom. In E. K. Kallio (Ed). Development of Adult Thinking. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Cognitive Development and Adult Learning. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315187464

Kallio, E., & Isomäki, H. K. (2019). Voiko viisautta opettaa? Viisaus eettisesti kestävän teknologian suunnittelussa [Can wisdom be taught? Wisdom in the design of ethically sustainable technology]. Retrieved from https://www.tyopeda.fi/videot/tyopeda-webinaari-12-03-2019

Kallio, E., & Liitos, H.-M. (2009). Tarvitaanko postformaalin ajattelun käsitettä? [Is the concept of postformal thinking necessary?]. Psykologia, 44(2), 108–121.

Keränen-Pantsu, R., & Heikkinen, H. (2019). Pedagogical purposes of narratives in worldview education: Teachers’ conceptions. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 18(5), 58–72.

Leinonen, M. (2001). Elinikäisen oppimisen idea J. A. Comeniuksen pansofisessa ajattelussa [The idea of lifelong learning in J. A. Comenius pansophic thinking]. In R. Huhmarniemi, S. Skinnari, & J. Tähtinen (Eds.), Platonista transmodernismiin: Juonteita ihmisyyteen, ihmiseksi kasvamiseen, oppimiseen, kasvatukseen ja opetukseen (pp. 103–132). Turku, Finland: Suomen kasvatustieteellinen seura.

Leinonen, M. (2002). Kohtaako opettaja oppilaansa? Historian näkökulmia opettamisen ja opettajuuden kysymyksiin [Does the teacher meet the pupil? Historical perspectives on the issues of teaching and teachership]. In P. Sallila & A. Malinen (Eds.), Opettajuus muutoksessa (pp. 17–48). Helsinki, Finland: Kansanvalistusseura.

Leinonen, M. (2002). Matkalla elämän ymmärrykseen – Comeniuksen ajatuksia oppimisesta ja kasvusta vanhuusiällä [On the way to understanding life – Comenius’ thoughts about learning and growth at an old age]. Sosiaalipedagoginen aikakauskirja, 2, 95–120.

Leinonen, M. (2003). Elämänlaajuinen oppiminen ja eurooppalaisen kasvatuksen perinne [Life-wide learning and the European educational tradition]. In P. Sallila & A. Malinen (Eds.), Elämänlaajuinen oppiminen ja aikuiskasvatus (pp. 17–48). Helsinki, Finland: Kansanvalistusseura.

Leinonen, M. (2005). Comenius, peace and the western tradition. In W. Korthaase, S. Hauff, & A. Fritsch (Eds.), Comenius und der Weltfriede: Comenius and World Peace (pp. 304 – 322). Berlin, Germany: Deutsche Comenius- Gesellschaft.

Mahon, K., Heikkinen, H. L. T., & Huttunen, R. (2018). Critical educational praxis in university ecosystems: Enablers and constraints. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 27(3), 463–480. doi:10.1080/14681366.2018.1522663

Salo, P., & Heikkinen, H. L. T. (2018). Slow science: Research and teaching for sustainable praxis. Confero, 6(1), 87–111. doi:10.3384/confero.2001-4562.181130

Seppälä, H., Lindblom-Ylänne, S. & Kallio, E. K. (2020). Integrating Epistemic Knowledge and Logical Reasoning Skills in Adult Cognitive Development. In E. K. Kallio (Ed). Development of Adult Thinking. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Cognitive Development and Adult Learning. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315187464

Spännäri, J., & Kallio, E. K. (2020). Viisaus- käyttäjän opas. Jyväskylä: Tuuma https://www.tuumakustannus.fi/Jenni-Sp%C3%A4nn%C3%A4ri/Viisaus-K%C3%A4ytt%C3%A4j%C3%A4n-opas.html

Ståhle, P., Mononen, L., Tynjälä, P., & Kallio, E. K. (2020). Systems Thinking and Adult Cognitive Development. In E. K. Kallio (Ed). Development of Adult Thinking. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Cognitive Development and Adult Learning. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315187464

Tuominen, M., Kallio, E. K. (2020) Logical Contradiction, Contrary Opposites, and Epistemological Relativism. Critical Philosophical Reflections on the Psychological Models of Adult Cognitive Development. In E. K. Kallio (Ed). Development of Adult Thinking. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Cognitive Development and Adult Learning. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315187464

Tynjälä, P., Kallio, E. K., Heikkinen, H. L. T. (2020). Professional Expertise, Integrative Thinking, Wisdom, and Phronēsis. In E. K. Kallio (Ed). Development of Adult Thinking. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Cognitive Development and Adult Learning. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315187464

 

- 1999

 

Kallio, E. (1993). Postformaali ajattelu: Aikuisuuden uusi kehitysvaihe? [Postformal thinking: A new developmental stage in adulthood?]. Psykologia, 28(2), 108–112, 115.

Leinonen, M. (1998). Elämä on koulu – Comeniuksen ajatuksia aikuiskasvatuksesta [Life is a school – Comenius’s thougts about adult education]. Aikuiskasvatus, 18(1), 49–58.

Perttula, J., & Kallio, E. (1996). Postformaali ajattelu ja henkinen tajunnallisina toimintatapoina [Postformal thinking and mental awareness as cognitive practices]. Psykologia, 31(3), 164173.